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Paris Climate Agreement: promoting interdisciplinary science and stakeholders’ approaches for multi-scale implementation of continental carbon sequestration

Chevallier, T.; Loireau, M.; Courault, R.; Chapuis-Lardy, L.; Desjardins, T.; Gomez, C.; Grondin, A.; Guérin, F.; Orange, D.; Pélissier, R.; Serpantié, G.; Durand, M. -H.; Derioz, P.; Goulven, G. Laruelle; Schwoob, M. -H.; Viovy, N.; Barrière, O.; Blanchart, E.; Blanfort, V.; Brossard, M.; Demenois, J.; Fargette, M.; Heulin, T.; Mahé, G.; Manlay, R. J.; Podwojewski, P.; Rumpel, C.; Sultan, B.; Chotte, J. -L.
The Paris Climate Agreements and Sustainable Development Goals, signed by 197 countries, present agendas and address key issues for implementing multi-scale responses for sustainable development under climate change—an effort that must involve local, regional, national, and supra-national stakeholders. In that regard, Continental Carbon Sequestration (CoCS) and conservation of carbon sinks are recognized increasingly as having potentially important roles in mitigating climate change and adapting to it. Making that potential a reality will require indicators of success for various stakeholders from multidisciplinary backgrounds, plus promotion of long-term implementation of strategic action towards civil society (e.g., law and policy makers, economists, and farmers). To help meet those challenges, this discussion paper summarizes the state of the art and uncertainties regarding CoCS, taking an interdisciplinary, holistic approach toward understanding these complex issues. The first part of the paper discusses the carbon cycle’s bio-geophysical processes, while the second introduces the plurality of geographical scales to be addressed when dealing with landscape management for CoCS. The third part addresses systemic viability, vulnerability, and resilience in CoCS practices, before concluding with the need to develop inter-disciplinarity in sustainable science, participative research, and the societal implications of sustainable CoCS actions.
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